Fort Jérôme

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Post-Doctorate 2010/2013
Aarhus University – Department of Bioscience, Roskilde, Denmark
Doctorate 2006/2009
ED SIBAGHE University Montpellier 2 / Centre for Evolutionary and Functional Ecology, Montpellier, France
Education : Master of Science in Ecophysiology, Ecology, Ethology ; Strasbourg University ; 2005-2006

Keywords : Arctic ecology, Bioenergetics models, Biotelemetry, Climate change, Conservation biogeography, Seabird ecological niche, Ecophysiology, Ecotoxicologie, Marine ecology, Stable isotopic analysis.

Impacts of sea-ice shrinking and the development of human activities in the Arctic on little auk (Alle alle) ecology and ecophysiology.
My research aims to investigate how sensitive Arctic seabird species will be affected by the effects of global change. To this end, I use inclusive and multi-disciplinary approaches (ranging from ecotoxicology, spatial ecology, behavioural ecology, functional ecology, biotelemetry and ecophysiology) at large time and spatial scales.
Currently, I am more specifically focused on the study of how an increase of contaminant levels in the Arctic environment could affect seabird species and Arctic marine food webs. I am particularly interested in the study of two contaminants: the mercury (Hg) and the polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH) which raise important health and environmental concerns because of their potential deleterious effects on organisms at low concentrations and because their levels have increased in the Arctic over the last decades.
Mergule nain (Alle alle) équipé d’un enregistreur miniaturisé (TDR) et marqué couleur pour identification individuelle

Main collaborations :
  • Prof. Paco Bustamante (LIENSs – CNRS UMR 7266, France)
  • Dr. Anders Mosbech (Aarhus University, Denmark)
  • Dr. Morten Frederiksen (Aarhus University, Denmark)
  • Dr. David Grémillet (CEFE-CNRS UMR 5175, France)
  • Dr. Aqqalu Rosing-Asvid (Greenland Institute of Natural Resources, Greenland)
  • Dr. Maria Gavrilo (Arctic and Antarctic Research Institute, Russia)
  • Prof. Warren Porter (University of Wisconsin, USA)
  • Dr. Katarzyna Wojczulanis-Jakubas (University of Gdansk, Poland)
  • Dr. Børge Moe (Norwegian Institute for Nature Research, Norway)
  • Dr. Sébastien Descamps (Norwegian Polar Institute, Norway)
  • Dr. Grégory Beaugrand (LOG-CNRS UMR 8187, France)
  • Dr. Guillaume Massé (UMI Takuvik UL-CNRS, Canada)

Management of research projects:

  • 2017-2018 MAMBA « Mercury in Arctic Marine BiotA: sources, levels and impacts » ANR T-ERC
  • 2014-2017: ARCTOX ‘Sea-ice shrinking and increasing human activities in the Arctic: what risk for the avian biodiversity?’ Research Marie Curie Career Integration Grant
  • 2013-2014: Year-round mercury concentrations in little auks breeding in East Greenland. LIENSs-CNRS UMR 7266, La Rochelle, France.
  • 2007-present: Responses of Arctic marine birds to environmental constraints in the context of climate change. Research programme funded by the French Polar Institute (IPEV / Pgr. ADACLIM n°388). Co-Principal Investigators David Grémillet (CEFE) et Jérôme Fort (LIENSs).
  • 2011-2013: LIAK&CC ‘Impact of climate change on wintering Arctic seabirds – an inter-population study on little auks’. Department of Bioscience – Aarhus University, Roskilde, Denmark. Post-doctorate Marie Curie Intra-European Fellowship
  • 2012: Responses of Arctic seabirds to environmental change: the case of dovekies. Research programme funded by the National Geographic Society (Principal Investigator)
  • 2010-2011: Winter distribution and behavioural plasticity of Arctic seabirds in response to prey abundance and environmental constraints. National Environmental Research Institute – Aarhus University, Roskilde, Denmark. Post-doctorate fellowship from the Fyssen Foundation.
  • 2006-2009: Responses of Arctic marine birds to winter environmental constraints in the context of climate change. Centre d’Ecologie Fonctionnelle et Evolutive, Montpellier, France. PhD thesis – MRT fellowship

Publications :

42 résultats


Article dans une revue

Seasonal variation of mercury contamination in Arctic seabirds: a pan- arctic assessment
Céline Albert , Hálfdán Helgi Helgason , Maud Brault-Favrou , Gregory Robertson , Sébastien Descamps , Françoise Amélineau , Jóhannis Danielsen , Rune Dietz , Kyle Elliott , Kjell Einar Erikstad , Igor Eulaers , Alexey Ezhov , Michelle Fitzsimmons , Maria Gavrilo , Elena Golubova , David Grémillet , Scott Hatch , Nicholas Huffeldt , Dariusz Jakubas , Alexander Kitaysky , Geir Helge Systad , Thorkell Lindberg Thórarinsson , Hálfdán Helgason , Kjell Erikstad , Yann Kolbeinsson , Yuri Krasnov , Svein-Håkon Lorentsen , Erlend Lorentzen , Mark Mallory , Benjamin Merkel , Flemming Merkel , William Montevecchi , Anders Mosbech , Bergur Olsen , Rachael Orben , Allison Patterson , Jennifer Provencher , Flemming Ravn Merkel , Tone Kristin Reiertsen , Christine Plumejeaud , Isabeau Pratte , Kristin Reiertsen , Heather Renner , Nora Rojek , Marc Romano , Hallvard Strøm , Helge Systad , Akinori Takahashi , Jean-Baptiste Thiebot , Thorkell Lindberg Thórarinsson , Alexis Will , Katarzyna Wojczulanis-Jakubas , Paco Bustamante , Jérôme Fort
Science of the Total Environment, Elsevier, 2021, 750, pp.142201. ⟨10.1016/j.scitotenv.2020.142201⟩


Article dans une revue

Age‐dependent expression of cancer‐related genes in a long‐lived seabird
Richard Meitern , Jérôme Fort , Mathieu Giraudeau , Kalev Rattiste , Elin Sild , Tuul Sepp
Evolutionary Applications, Blackwell, 2020, 13 (7), pp.1708-1718. ⟨10.1111/eva.13024⟩
Developing a passive acoustic monitoring technique for Australia’s most numerous seabird, the Short-tailed Shearwater ( Ardenna tenuirostris )
Katherine Brownlie , Ross Monash , Johanna Geeson , Jérôme Fort , Paco Bustamante , John P.Y. Arnould
Emu, CSIRO Publishing, 2020, 120 (2), pp.123-134. ⟨10.1080/01584197.2020.1732828⟩
Contrasting spatial and seasonal trends of methylmercury exposure pathways of Arctic seabirds: combination of large-scale tracking and stable isotopic approaches
Marina Renedo , David Amouroux , Céline Albert , Sylvain Bérail , Vegard Bråthen , Maria Gavrilo , David Grémillet , Hálfdán Helgason , Dariusz Jakubas , Anders Mosbech , Hallvard Strøm , Emmanuel Tessier , Katarzyna Wojczulanis-Jakubas , Paco Bustamante , Jérôme Fort
Environmental Science & Technology, American Chemical Society, In press, ⟨10.1021/acs.est.0c03285⟩


Article dans une revue

Climate change could overturn bird migration: Transarctic flights and high-latitude residency in a sea ice free Arctic
Manon Clairbaux , Jérôme Fort , Paul Mathewson , Warren Porter , Hallvard Strøm , David Gremillet
Scientific Reports, Nature Publishing Group, 2019, 9 (1), ⟨10.1038/s41598-019-54228-5⟩
Arctic seabirds and shrinking sea ice: egg analyses reveal the importance of ice-derived resources
Fanny Cusset , Jérôme Fort , Mark Mallory , Birgit Braune , Philippe Massicotte , Guillaume Massé
Scientific Reports, Nature Publishing Group, 2019, 9 (1), pp.15405. ⟨10.1038/s41598-019-51788-4⟩
Using blood and feathers to investigate large-scale Hg contamination in Arctic seabirds: A review
Céline Albert , Marina Renedo , Paco Bustamante , Jérôme Fort
Environmental Research, Elsevier, 2019, 177, pp.108588. ⟨10.1016/j.envres.2019.108588⟩
Incidence of plastic ingestion in seabirds from the Bay of Biscay (southwestern Europe)
Javier Franco , Jérôme Fort , Isabel García-Barón , Pauline Loubat , Maite Louzao , Oihane del Puerto , Izaskun Zorita
Marine Pollution Bulletin, Elsevier, 2019, 146, pp.387-392. ⟨10.1016/j.marpolbul.2019.06.077⟩
Fishery discards do not compensate natural prey shortage in Northern gannets from the English Channel
Tangi Le Bot , Amélie Lescroel , Jérôme Fort , Clara Péron , Olivier Gimenez , Pascal Provost , David Gremillet
Biological Conservation, Elsevier, 2019, 236, pp.375-384. ⟨10.1016/j.biocon.2019.05.040⟩
Spatial segregation between immatures and adults in a pelagic seabird suggests age‐related competition
Emeline Pettex , Charlotte Lambert , Jérôme Fort , Ghislain Dorémus , Vincent Ridoux
Journal of Avian Biology, Wiley, 2019, 50 (5), ⟨10.1111/jav.01935⟩
Arctic climate change and pollution impact little auk foraging and fitness across a decade
Françoise Amélineau , David Gremillet , Ann Harding , Wojciech Walkusz , Choquet Remi , Jérôme Fort
Scientific Reports, Nature Publishing Group, In press, ⟨10.1038/s41598-018-38042-z⟩
Abundance and species diversity hotspots of tracked marine predators across the North American Arctic
David Yurkowski , Marie Auger-Méthé , Mark Mallory , Sarah Wong , Grant Gilchrist , Andrew Derocher , Evan Richardson , Nicholas Lunn , Nigel Hussey , Marianne Marcoux , Ron Togunov , Aaron Fisk , Lois Harwood , Rune Dietz , Aqqalu Rosing-Asvid , Erik Born , Anders Mosbech , Jérôme Fort , David Grémillet , Lisa Loseto , Pierre Richard , John Iacozza , Frankie Jean-Gagnon , Tanya Brown , Kristin Westdal , Jack Orr , Bernard Leblanc , Kevin Hedges , Margaret Treble , Steven Kessel , Paul Blanchfield , Shanti Davis , Mark Maftei , Nora Spencer , Laura Mcfarlane-Tranquilla , William Montevecchi , Blake Bartzen , Lynne Dickson , Christine Anderson , Steven Ferguson
Diversity and Distributions, Wiley, In press, ⟨10.1111/ddi.12860⟩


Article dans une revue

Almost like a whale – first evidence of suction feeding in a seabird
Manfred Enstipp , Sébastien Descamps , Jérôme Fort , David Gremillet
Journal of Experimental Biology, Cambridge University Press, 2018
Short-term prey field lability constrains individual specialisation in resource selection and foraging site fidelity in a marine predator
Nicolas Courbin , Aurélien Besnard , Clara Péron , Claire Saraux , Jérôme Fort , Samuel Perret , Jérémy Tornos , David Grémillet
Ecology Letters, Wiley, 2018, ⟨10.1111/ele.12970⟩
Global phenological insensitivity to shifting ocean temperatures among seabirds.
Katharine Keogan , Francis Daunt , Sarah Wanless , Richard A. Phillips , Craig A. Walling , Philippa Agnew , David G. Ainley , Tycho Anker-Nilssen , Grant Ballard , Robert T. Barrett , Kerry J. Barton , Claus Bech , Peter Becker , Per-Arvid Berglund , Loïc Bollache , Alexander L. Bond , Sandra Bouwhuis , Russell W. Bradley , Zofia M. Burr , Kees Camphuysen , Paulo Catry , André Chiaradia , Signe Christensen-Dalsgaard , Richard Cuthbert , Nina Dehnhard , Sébastien Descamps , Tony Diamond , George Divoky , Hugh Drummond , Katie M. Dugger , Michael J. Dunn , Louise Emmerson , Kjell Einar Erikstad , Jérôme Fort , William Fraser , Meritxell Genovart , Olivier Gilg , Jacob González-Solís , José Pedro Granadeiro , David Grémillet , Jannik Hansen , Sveinn A. Hanssen , Mike Harris , April Hedd , Jefferson Hinke , José Manuel Igual , Jaime Jahncke , Ian Jones , Peter J. Kappes , Johannes Lang , Magdalene Langset , Amélie Lescroël , Svein-Håkon Lorentsen , Phil O’b. Lyver , Mark Mallory , Børge Moe , William A. Montevecchi , David Monticelli , Carolyn Mostello , Mark Newell , Lisa Nicholson , Ian Nisbet , Olof Olsson , Daniel Oro , Vivian Pattison , Maud Poisbleau , Tanya Pyk , Flavio Quintana , Jaime A. Ramos , Raül Ramos , Tone Kirstin Reiertsen , Cristina Rodríguez , Peter Ryan , Ana Sanz-Aguilar , Niels M. Schmidt , Paula Shannon , Benoit Sittler , Colin Southwell , Christopher Surman , Walter S. Svagelj , Wayne Trivelpiece , Pete Warzybok , Yutaka Watanuki , Henri Weimerskirch , Peter R. Wilson , Andrew G. Wood , Albert B. Phillimore , Sue Lewis
Nature Climate Change, Nature Publishing Group, 2018, 8 (4), pp.313-318. ⟨10.1038/s41558-018-0115-z⟩
Energyscapes and prey fields shape a North Atlantic seabird wintering hotspot under climate change
F. Amélineau , Jérôme Fort , D. Mathewson , D. Speirs , N. Courbin , S. Perret , W. Porter , R. Wilson , D. Grémillet
Royal Society Open Science, The Royal Society, 2018, 5 (1), ⟨10.1098/rsos.171883⟩
Mercury exposure and short-term consequences on physiology and reproduction in Antarctic petrels
Alice Carravieri , Jérôme Fort , Arnaud Tarroux , Yves Cherel , Oliver P. Love , Solène Prieur , Maud Brault-Favrou , Paco Bustamante , Sébastien Descamps
Environmental Pollution, Elsevier, 2018, 237, pp.824-831. ⟨10.1016/j.envpol.2017.11.004⟩


Article dans une revue

Microplastic pollution in the Greenland Sea: Background levels and selective contamination of planktivorous diving seabirds
Françoise Amélineau , Delphine Bonnet , Olivier Heitz , Serge Mortreux , Ann M.A. Harding , Nina J. Karnovsky , Wojciech Walkusz , Jérôme Fort , David Gremillet
Environmental Pollution, Elsevier, 2016, 219 (1131-1139), ⟨10.1016/j.envpol.2016.09.017⟩
Deciphering the structure of the West Greenland marine food web using stable isotopes (δ13C, δ15N)
Jannie Linnebjerg , Keith A. Hobson , Jérôme Fort , Torkel Nielsen , Per Møller , Kai Wieland , Frank Rigét , Anders Mosbech
Marine Biology, Springer Verlag, 2016, 163, ⟨10.1007/s00227-016-3001-0⟩
Where to forage in the absence of sea ice? Bathymetry as a key factor for an arctic seabird
Francoise Amélineau , David Gremillet , Delphine Bonnet , Tangi Le Bot , Jérôme Fort
PLoS ONE, Public Library of Science, 2016, in press
Does temporal variation of mercury levels in Arctic seabirds reflect changes in global environmental contamination, or a modification of Arctic marine food web functioning?
Jérôme Fort , David Gremillet , Gwendoline Traisnel , Francoise Amélineau , Paco Bustamante
Environmental Pollution, Elsevier, 2016, 211 (382-388), ⟨10.1016/j.envpol.2015.12.061⟩

Chapitre d'ouvrage

La pollution et ses impacts sur les écosystèmes
Jérôme Fort
Le Groenland - Climat, écologie, société, 2016, 978-2-271-08170-4


Article dans une revue

Mercury in wintering seabirds, an aggravating factor to winter wrecks?
Jérôme Fort , Thomas Lacoue-Labarthe , Hanh Linh Nguyen , Amélie Boué , Jérôme Spitz , Paco Bustamante
Science of the Total Environment, Elsevier, 2015, 527-528, pp.448-454. ⟨10.1016/j.scitotenv.2015.05.018⟩
Arctic warming: non-linear impacts of sea-ice and glacier melt on seabird foraging
David Grémillet , Jérôme Fort , Francoise Amélineau , Elena Zakharova , Tangi Le Bot , Enric Sala , Maria V. Gavrilo
Global Change Biology, Wiley, 2015, 21 (3), pp.1116-1123. ⟨10.1111/gcb.12811⟩


Article dans une revue

Irreplaceable area extends marine conservation hotspot off Tunisia: insights from GPS‑tracking Scopoli’s shearwaters from the largest seabird colony in the Mediterranean
David Grémillet , Clara Péron , Jean-Baptiste Pons , Ridha Ouni , Matthieu Authier , Mathieu Thévenet , Jérôme Fort
Marine Biology, Springer Verlag, 2014, 161 (11), pp.2669-2680. ⟨10.1007/s00227-014-2538-z⟩
Spatial Ecotoxicology: Migratory Arctic Seabirds Are Exposed to Mercury Contamination While Overwintering in the Northwest Atlantic
Jérôme Fort , Gregory Robertson , David Grémillet , Gwendoline Traisnel , Paco Bustamante
Environmental Science and Technology, American Chemical Society, 2014, 48, pp.11560 - 11567. ⟨10.1021/es504045g⟩
Composition of chick meals from one of the main little auk (Alle alle) breeding colonies in Northwest Greenland
Marie Frandsen , Jérôme Fort , Frank Rigét , Anders Galatius , Anders Mosbech
Polar Biology, Springer Verlag, 2014, 37 (7), pp.1055-1060. ⟨10.1007/s00300-014-1491-0⟩


Article dans une revue

Importance of coastal Marine Protected Areas for the conservation of pelagic seabirds: The case of Vulnerable yelkouan shearwaters in the Mediterranean Sea
Clara Péron , David Grémillet , Aurélien Prudor , Emeline Pettex , Claire Saraux , Soriano-Redondo Andrea , Matthieu Authier , Jérôme Fort
Biological Conservation, Elsevier, 2013, 168, pp.210-221. ⟨10.1016/j.biocon.2013.09.006⟩
Multi-colony tracking reveals potential threats to little auks wintering in the North Atlantic from marine pollution and shrinking sea-ice cover
Jérôme Fort , Børge Moe , Hallvard Strøm , David Grémillet , Jorg Welcker , Jannik Schultner , Kurt Jerstad , Kasper Johansen , Richard A. Phillips , Anders Mosbech
Diversity and Distributions, Wiley, 2013, 19 (10), pp.1322-1332. ⟨10.1111/ddi.12105⟩
Sympatric Breeding Auks Shift between Dietary and Spatial Resource Partitioning across the Annual Cycle
Jannie Linnebjerg , Jérôme Fort , Tim Guilford , Anna Reuleaux , Anders Mosbech , Morten Frederiksen
PLoS ONE, Public Library of Science, 2013, 8, pp.e72987. ⟨10.1371/journal.pone.0072987⟩
Winter diet of the little auk (Alle alle) in the Northwest Atlantic
Aqqalu Rosing-Asvid , R Hedeholm , Ek Arendt , Jérôme Fort , Gregory Robertson
Polar Biology, Springer Verlag, 2013, 36 (11), pp.1601-1608. ⟨10.1007/s00300-013-1379-4⟩
Energetic consequences of contrasting winter migratory strategies in a sympatric Arctic seabird duet
Jérôme Fort , Harald Steen , Hallvard Strom , Yann Tremblay , Eirik Grønningsæter , Emeline Pettex , Warren P Porter , David Grémillet
Journal of Avian Biology, Wiley, 2013, 44, pp.255-262. ⟨10.1111/j.1600-048X.2012.00128.x⟩


Article dans une revue

Biologging, remotely-sensed oceanography and the Continuous Plankton Recorder reveal the environmental determinants of a seabird wintering hotspot
Jérôme Fort , Gregory Beaugrand , David Grémillet , Richard Phillips
PLoS ONE, Public Library of Science, 2012, 7, pp.e41194. ⟨10.1371/journal.pone.0041194⟩
Little auks buffer the impact of current Arctic climate change
David Grémillet , Jorg Welcker , Nina J. Karnovsky , Wojciech Walkusz , Hall Margaret , Jérôme Fort , Zachary Brown , John R Speakman , Ann M.A. Harding
Marine Ecology Progress Series, Inter Research, 2012, 454, pp.197-206. ⟨10.3354/meps09590⟩
Meta-population evidence of oriented chain migration in northern gannets (Morus bassanus)
Jérôme Fort , Emeline Pettex , Yann Tremblay , Svein-Hakon Lorentsen , Stefan Garthe , Stephen C. Votier , Jean-Baptiste Pons , Francois Siorat , Robert W. Furness , W. James Grecian , Stuart Bearhop , William Montevecchi , David Gremillet
Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment, Ecological Society of America, 2012, 10 (5), pp.237-242. ⟨10.1890/110194⟩
Climate change and the ecology and evolution of Arctic vertebrates.
Olivier Gilg , Kit M. Kovacs , Jon Aars , Jérôme Fort , Gilles Gauthier , David Grémillet , Rolf A. Ims , Hans Meltofte , Jérôme Moreau , Eric Post , Niels Martin Schmidt , Glenn Yannic , Loïc Bollache
Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, Wiley, 2012, 1249 (1), pp.166-190. ⟨10.1111/j.1749-6632.2011.06412.x⟩


Article dans une revue

Inter-breeding movements of little auks Alle alle reveal a key post-breeding staging area in the Greenland Sea
Anders Mosbech , Kasper Johansen , Ann M.A. Harding , Nikolaj Bech , Peter Lyngs , Carsten Egevang , Jérôme Fort
Polar Biology, Springer Verlag, 2011, 35, pp.305-311. ⟨10.1007/s00300-011-1064-4⟩
Adverse foraging conditions may impact body mass and survival of a high Arctic seabird
Ann M.A. Harding , Jorg Welcker , Harald Steen , Keith C. Hamer , Alexander S Kitaysky , Jérôme Fort , Sandra Talbot , Leslie Cornick , Nina J. Karnovsky , Geir W Gabrielsen , David Grémillet
Oecologia, Springer Verlag, 2011, 167, pp.49-59. ⟨10.1007/s00442-011-1971-7⟩


Article dans une revue

The feeding ecology of little auks raises questions about winter zooplankton stocks in North Atlantic surface waters
Jérôme Fort , Yves Cherel , Ann M.A. Harding , Carsten Egevang , Harald Steen , Grégoire Kuntz , Warren P Porter , D. Grémillet
Biology Letters, Royal Society, The, 2010, 6, pp.682-684. ⟨10.1098/rsbl.2010.0082⟩
Geographic and seasonal variability in the isotopic niche of little auks
Jérôme Fort , Yves Cherel , Ann M.A. Harding , Jorg Welcker , Dariusz Jakubas , Harald Steen , Nina J. Karnovsky , David Grémillet
Marine Ecology Progress Series, Inter Research, 2010, 414, pp.293-302. ⟨10.3354/meps08721⟩
Energetic modelling: A comparison of the different approaches used in seabirds
Jérôme Fort , Warren P Porter , David Grémillet
Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology - A: Comparative Physiology, Elsevier, 2010, 158, pp.358-365. ⟨10.1016/j.cbpa.2010.05.004⟩


Article dans une revue

Thermodynamic modelling predicts energetic bottleneck for seabirds wintering in the northwest Atlantic.
Jérôme Fort , Warren P Porter , David Grémillet
Journal of Experimental Biology, Cambridge University Press, 2009, 212 (Pt 15), pp.2483-2490. ⟨10.1242/jeb.032300⟩