Staff Directory > Fort Jérôme

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Post-Doctorate 2010/2013
Aarhus University – Department of Bioscience, Roskilde, Denmark
Doctorate 2006/2009
ED SIBAGHE University Montpellier 2 / Centre for Evolutionary and Functional Ecology, Montpellier, France
Education : Master of Science in Ecophysiology, Ecology, Ethology ; Strasbourg University ; 2005-2006

Keywords : Arctic ecology, Bioenergetics models, Biotelemetry, Climate change, Conservation biogeography, Seabird ecological niche, Ecophysiology, Ecotoxicologie, Marine ecology, Stable isotopic analysis.

Scientist in charge :
Paco BUSTAMANTE, Professor, La Rochelle University, LIENSs UMR 7266
Funding : Marie Curie Career Integration Grant (project ARCTOX 631203)



Impacts of sea-ice shrinking and the development of human activities in the Arctic on little auk (Alle alle) ecology and ecophysiology.
My research aims to investigate how sensitive Arctic seabird species will be affected by the effects of global change. To this end, I use inclusive and multi-disciplinary approaches (ranging from ecotoxicology, spatial ecology, behavioural ecology, functional ecology, biotelemetry and ecophysiology) at large time and spatial scales.
Currently, I am more specifically focused on the study of how an increase of contaminant levels in the Arctic environment could affect seabird species and Arctic marine food webs. I am particularly interested in the study of two contaminants: the mercury (Hg) and the polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH) which raise important health and environmental concerns because of their potential deleterious effects on organisms at low concentrations and because their levels have increased in the Arctic over the last decades.
Mergule nain (Alle alle) équipé d’un enregistreur miniaturisé (TDR) et marqué couleur pour identification individuelle


Main collaborations :
  • Prof. Paco Bustamante (LIENSs – CNRS UMR 7266, France)
  • Dr. Anders Mosbech (Aarhus University, Denmark)
  • Dr. Morten Frederiksen (Aarhus University, Denmark)
  • Dr. David Grémillet (CEFE-CNRS UMR 5175, France)
  • Dr. Aqqalu Rosing-Asvid (Greenland Institute of Natural Resources, Greenland)
  • Dr. Maria Gavrilo (Arctic and Antarctic Research Institute, Russia)
  • Prof. Warren Porter (University of Wisconsin, USA)
  • Dr. Katarzyna Wojczulanis-Jakubas (University of Gdansk, Poland)
  • Dr. Børge Moe (Norwegian Institute for Nature Research, Norway)
  • Dr. Sébastien Descamps (Norwegian Polar Institute, Norway)
  • Dr. Grégory Beaugrand (LOG-CNRS UMR 8187, France)
  • Dr. Guillaume Massé (UMI Takuvik UL-CNRS, Canada)

Management of research projects:

  • 2014-2017: ARCTOX ‘Sea-ice shrinking and increasing human activities in the Arctic: what risk for the avian biodiversity?’ Research Marie Curie Career Integration Grant
  • 2013-2014: Year-round mercury concentrations in little auks breeding in East Greenland. LIENSs-CNRS UMR 7266, La Rochelle, France.
  • 2007-present: Responses of Arctic marine birds to environmental constraints in the context of climate change. Research programme funded by the French Polar Institute (IPEV / Pgr. ADACLIM n°388). Co-Principal Investigators David Grémillet (CEFE) et Jérôme Fort (LIENSs).
  • 2011-2013: LIAK&CC ‘Impact of climate change on wintering Arctic seabirds – an inter-population study on little auks’. Department of Bioscience – Aarhus University, Roskilde, Denmark. Post-doctorate Marie Curie Intra-European Fellowship
  • 2012: Responses of Arctic seabirds to environmental change: the case of dovekies. Research programme funded by the National Geographic Society (Principal Investigator)
  • 2010-2011: Winter distribution and behavioural plasticity of Arctic seabirds in response to prey abundance and environmental constraints. National Environmental Research Institute – Aarhus University, Roskilde, Denmark. Post-doctorate fellowship from the Fyssen Foundation.
  • 2006-2009: Responses of Arctic marine birds to winter environmental constraints in the context of climate change. Centre d’Ecologie Fonctionnelle et Evolutive, Montpellier, France. PhD thesis – MRT fellowship

Publications :

26 résultats

2017

Article dans une revue

Mercury exposure and short-term consequences on physiology and reproduction in Antarctic petrels
Alice Carravieri , Jérôme Fort , Arnaud Tarroux , Yves Cherel , Oliver P. Love , Solène Prieur , Maud Brault-Favrou , Paco Bustamante , Sébastien Descamps
Environmental Pollution, Elsevier, A Paraître, 〈10.1016/j.envpol.2017.11.004〉

2016

Article dans une revue

Microplastic pollution in the Greenland Sea: Background levels and selective contamination of planktivorous diving seabirds
Françoise Amélineau , Delphine Bonnet , Olivier Heitz , Serge Mortreux , Ann M.A. Harding , Nina J. Karnovsky , Wojciech Walkusz , Jérôme Fort , David Gremillet
Environmental Pollution, Elsevier, 2016, 219 (1131-1139), 〈10.1016/j.envpol.2016.09.017〉
Deciphering the structure of the West Greenland marine food web using stable isotopes (δ13C, δ15N)
Jannie Linnebjerg , Keith A. Hobson , Jérôme Fort , Torkel Nielsen , Per Møller , Kai Wieland , Frank Rigét , Anders Mosbech
Marine Biology, Springer Verlag, 2016, 163, 〈10.1007/s00227-016-3001-0〉
Where to forage in the absence of sea ice? Bathymetry as a key factor for an arctic seabird
Francoise Amélineau , David Gremillet , Delphine Bonnet , Tangi Le Bot , Jérôme Fort
PLoS ONE, Public Library of Science, 2016, in press
Does temporal variation of mercury levels in Arctic seabirds reflect changes in global environmental contamination, or a modification of Arctic marine food web functioning?
Jérôme Fort , David Gremillet , Gwendoline Traisnel , Francoise Amélineau , Paco Bustamante
Environmental Pollution, Elsevier, 2016, 211 (382-388), 〈10.1016/j.envpol.2015.12.061〉

Chapitre d'ouvrage

La pollution et ses impacts sur les écosystèmes
Jérôme Fort
Le Groenland - Climat, écologie, société, 2016, 978-2-271-08170-4

2015

Article dans une revue

Mercury in wintering seabirds, an aggravating factor to winter wrecks?
Jérôme Fort , Thomas Lacoue-Labarthe , Hanh Linh Nguyen , Amélie Boué , Jérôme Spitz , Paco Bustamante
Science of the Total Environment, Elsevier, 2015, 527-528, pp.448-454. 〈10.1016/j.scitotenv.2015.05.018〉
Arctic warming: non-linear impacts of sea-ice and glacier melt on seabird foraging
David Grémillet , Jérôme Fort , Francoise Amélineau , Elena Zakharova , Tangi Le Bot , Enric Sala , Maria V. Gavrilo
Global Change Biology, Wiley, 2015, 21 (3), pp.1116-1123. 〈10.1111/gcb.12811〉

2014

Article dans une revue

Irreplaceable area extends marine conservation hotspot off Tunisia: insights from GPS‑tracking Scopoli’s shearwaters from the largest seabird colony in the Mediterranean
David Grémillet , Clara Péron , Jean-Baptiste Pons , Ridha Ouni , Matthieu Authier , Mathieu Thévenet , Jérôme Fort
Marine Biology, Springer Verlag, 2014, 161 (11), pp.2669-2680. 〈10.1007/s00227-014-2538-z〉
Spatial Ecotoxicology: Migratory Arctic Seabirds Are Exposed to Mercury Contamination While Overwintering in the Northwest Atlantic
Jérôme Fort , Gregory Robertson , David Grémillet , Gwendoline Traisnel , Paco Bustamante
Environmental Science and Technology, American Chemical Society, 2014, 48, pp.11560 - 11567. 〈10.1021/es504045g〉
Composition of chick meals from one of the main little auk (Alle alle) breeding colonies in Northwest Greenland
Marie Frandsen , Jérôme Fort , Frank Rigét , Anders Galatius , Anders Mosbech
Polar Biology, Springer Verlag, 2014, 37 (7), pp.1055-1060. 〈10.1007/s00300-014-1491-0〉

2013

Article dans une revue

Importance of coastal Marine Protected Areas for the conservation of pelagic seabirds: The case of Vulnerable yelkouan shearwaters in the Mediterranean Sea
Clara Péron , David Grémillet , Aurélien Prudor , Emeline Pettex , Claire Saraux , Soriano-Redondo Andrea , Matthieu Authier , Jérôme Fort
Biological Conservation, Elsevier, 2013, 168, pp.210-221. 〈10.1016/j.biocon.2013.09.006〉
Multi-colony tracking reveals potential threats to little auks wintering in the North Atlantic from marine pollution and shrinking sea-ice cover
Jérôme Fort , Børge Moe , Hallvard Strøm , David Grémillet , Jorg Welcker , Jannik Schultner , Kurt Jerstad , Kasper Johansen , Richard A. Phillips , Anders Mosbech
Diversity and Distributions, Wiley, 2013, 19 (10), pp.1322-1332. 〈10.1111/ddi.12105〉
Sympatric Breeding Auks Shift between Dietary and Spatial Resource Partitioning across the Annual Cycle
Jannie Linnebjerg , Jérôme Fort , Tim Guilford , Anna Reuleaux , Anders Mosbech , Morten Frederiksen
PLoS ONE, Public Library of Science, 2013, 8, pp.e72987. 〈10.1371/journal.pone.0072987〉
Winter diet of the little auk (Alle alle) in the Northwest Atlantic
Aqqalu Rosing-Asvid , R Hedeholm , Ek Arendt , Jérôme Fort , Gregory Robertson
Polar Biology, Springer Verlag, 2013, 36 (11), pp.1601-1608. 〈10.1007/s00300-013-1379-4〉
Energetic consequences of contrasting winter migratory strategies in a sympatric Arctic seabird duet
Jérôme Fort , Harald Steen , Hallvard Strom , Yann Tremblay , Eirik Grønningsæter , Emeline Pettex , Warren P Porter , David Grémillet
Journal of Avian Biology, Wiley, 2013, 44, pp.255-262. 〈10.1111/j.1600-048X.2012.00128.x〉

2012

Article dans une revue

Biologging, remotely-sensed oceanography and the Continuous Plankton Recorder reveal the environmental determinants of a seabird wintering hotspot
Jérôme Fort , Gregory Beaugrand , David Grémillet , Richard Phillips
PLoS ONE, Public Library of Science, 2012, 7, pp.e41194. 〈10.1371/journal.pone.0041194〉
Little auks buffer the impact of current Arctic climate change
David Grémillet , Jorg Welcker , Nina J. Karnovsky , Wojciech Walkusz , Hall Margaret , Jérôme Fort , Zachary Brown , John R Speakman , Ann M.A. Harding
Marine Ecology Progress Series, Inter-Research, 2012, 454, pp.197-206. 〈10.3354/meps09590〉
Meta-population evidence of oriented chain migration in northern gannets (Morus bassanus)
Jérôme Fort , Emeline Pettex , Yann Tremblay , Svein-Hakon Lorentsen , Stefan Garthe , Stephen C. Votier , Jean-Baptiste Pons , Francois Siorat , Robert W. Furness , W. James Grecian , Stuart Bearhop , William Montevecchi , David Gremillet
Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment, Ecological Society of America, 2012, 10 (5), pp.237-242. 〈10.1890/110194〉
Climate change and the ecology and evolution of Arctic vertebrates.
Olivier Gilg , Kit M. Kovacs , Jon Aars , Jérôme Fort , Gilles Gauthier , David Grémillet , Rolf A. Ims , Hans Meltofte , Jérôme Moreau , Eric Post , Niels Martin Schmidt , Glenn Yannic , Loïc Bollache
Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, Wiley, 2012, 1249 (1), pp.166-190. 〈10.1111/j.1749-6632.2011.06412.x〉

2011

Article dans une revue

Inter-breeding movements of little auks Alle alle reveal a key post-breeding staging area in the Greenland Sea
Anders Mosbech , Kasper Johansen , Ann M.A. Harding , Nikolaj Bech , Peter Lyngs , Carsten Egevang , Jérôme Fort
Polar Biology, Springer Verlag, 2011, 35, pp.305-311. 〈10.1007/s00300-011-1064-4〉
Adverse foraging conditions may impact body mass and survival of a high Arctic seabird
Ann M.A. Harding , Jorg Welcker , Harald Steen , Keith C. Hamer , Alexander S Kitaysky , Jérôme Fort , Sandra Talbot , Leslie Cornick , Nina J. Karnovsky , Geir W Gabrielsen , David Grémillet
Oecologia, Springer Verlag, 2011, 167, pp.49-59. 〈10.1007/s00442-011-1971-7〉

2010

Article dans une revue

The feeding ecology of little auks raises questions about winter zooplankton stocks in North Atlantic surface waters
Jérôme Fort , Yves Cherel , Ann M.A. Harding , Carsten Egevang , Harald Steen , Grégoire Kuntz , Warren P Porter , D. Grémillet
Biology Letters, Royal Society, The, 2010, 6, pp.682-684. 〈10.1098/rsbl.2010.0082〉
Geographic and seasonal variability in the isotopic niche of little auks
Jérôme Fort , Yves Cherel , Ann M.A. Harding , Jorg Welcker , Dariusz Jakubas , Harald Steen , Nina J. Karnovsky , David Grémillet
Marine Ecology Progress Series, Inter-Research, 2010, 414, pp.293-302. 〈10.3354/meps08721〉
Energetic modelling: A comparison of the different approaches used in seabirds
Jérôme Fort , Warren P Porter , David Grémillet
Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology - A: Comparative Physiology, Elsevier, 2010, 158, pp.358-365. 〈10.1016/j.cbpa.2010.05.004〉

2009

Article dans une revue

Thermodynamic modelling predicts energetic bottleneck for seabirds wintering in the northwest Atlantic.
Jérôme Fort , Warren P Porter , David Grémillet
Journal of Experimental Biology, Cambridge University Press, 2009, 212 (Pt 15), pp.2483-2490. 〈10.1242/jeb.032300〉